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您所在的位置:首页 >> 商标法律>每日一篇 | 《经济学人》读译参考 Day554

每日一篇 | 《经济学人》读译参考 Day554

来源:www.ht.cn时间:2019-01-02

    经济学人:中国商标:着手解决本土品牌商标侵权纠纷(2)

     

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    Since 2014, a Chinese food-and-beverage giant has fought to invalidate the registration of its trademark in Britain by a British citizen of Chinese descent.Like their Western counterparts, however, Chinese firms are finding registrations by others hard to overturn.

     

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    2014年其,一家中国食品饮料巨头就一直诉求将一名拥有中国血统的英国人在英国注册的商标无效化。但就像西方被侵占商标的公司一样,中国公司发现他人注册的情形难以逆转。

     

    Jani Kaulo of Kolster, a Finnish intellectual-property firm that represented Wanda,says that is partly because they have been slipshod in storing files to prove a first-to-use right.This should have been easy: Wanda had been selling its tyres in Europe since 2006.But it failed in its appeal at the European Union Intellectual Property Office, thus losing its main brand in the EU market.

     

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    万达轮胎集团的代表——芬兰知识产权公司KolsterJani Kaulo表示部分原因是因为他们没有好好保管档案,因此难以证明自己的初次使用权。这本是一件简单的事:万达轮胎集团自2006年以来就一直在欧洲销售其轮胎。但公司在欧盟知识产权局败诉,因此失去了其在欧盟市场的主要品牌。

     

    Trademark offices approach complaints from Chinese brands with an attitude shaped by the relentless squatting by Chinese trolls on European ones, adds Mr Kaulo.Compounding this is the weak position of Chinese-character trademarks abroad.In the EU only their visual component is recognised in trademark law, not their pronunciation or their conceptual meaning.That makes them easy to copy, for example with homonyms that could fool Chinese-speaking buyers abroad.

     

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    Kaul还称,中国故意对欧洲公司进行无情的商标侵占,因而欧盟知识产权局在处理中国品牌投诉时的态度也受此影响。在此处境中海外中文商标处于弱势。在欧盟,受到商标法认可的只有商标的可视部分,而商标的发音或是它的概念意义不受认可。因此要抄袭商标很容易,例如同形同音异义词就可以骗过海外那些说中文的买家。

     

    China is stepping up efforts to defend its brands. After the CTA setup a committee to protect trademarks abroad in April, Nantong, a coastal city,established its own office and nearby Shanghai announced that it would, too.

     

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    中国正在加强对其品牌的保护。四月,CTA成立委员会保护外海商标后,海岸城市南通,在上海附近成立自己的办公室并宣布也会保护其海外商标。

     

    The Chilean toy case was among the first set of brand-infringement warnings released by the Chinese government in 2017.Ning Lizhi, a legal expert who worked on the dispute in Chile, terms the case an "unusual and significant" one,which was resolved when the Indian-Chilean businessman agreed to become a reseller for the Shantou toymakers in Chile.

     

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    智利玩具案件是2017年中国政府发布的首批品牌侵权警告中的一件。在智利参与该案件的法学专家宁立志把这个案件称为一起“不同寻常且有意义”的案件,这名印度-智利商人同意成为汕头玩具商们在智利的中间商,这个案件也解决了。

     

    Given the ease and speed of the settlement, Mr Kaulo reckons that China's government must have intervened.Might greater concern for its own brands prod China into playing fairer with those of others?Its leaders have already been threatening tougher intellectual property protections.

     

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    考虑到这个案件如此轻易快速地被解决,Kaulo预测中国政府一定进行了干涉。对自己品牌的日益关切会让中国和其他那些公司更加公平行事么?其领导层已经威胁要执行更加强硬的知识产权保护

     

    Last year three Chinese shoemakers were told to pay 10m yuan ($1.5m) to New Balance, an American footwear company, for copying its logo.In August the Lego Group won a case against Lepin, a Chinese toy manufacturer and copycat of its colourful brick sets,which was made to pay damages of 15m yuan to the Danish firm. It was one of the largest trademark-related awards ever made by a Chinese court.And in the same month two Chinese firms were ordered to stop making products using the image of Peppa Pig, in what the court called a landmark case.Swine beats swindler, then.

     

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    去年三家中国鞋业制造商因使用美国鞋类制造商纽拜伦生物商标而被要求向其支付一千万人民币(150万美元)。8月乐高集团在与一家中国玩具制造商乐拼的官司中获胜,该玩具商模仿乐高彩色积木玩具,该公司向这家丹麦公司支付了150万元的损失。这是中国法院执行的最大商标判决案中的一件。同月,两家中国公司被要求停止利用小猪佩奇的形象生产产品,法院称这是具有里程碑意义的案件。然后猪猪就战胜了骗子。

     

    注释

     

    1.invalidate 使无效

     

    If the decision stands, it could invalidate hundreds of board decisions made over the past year

     

    如果这一决定成立,它可能会使过去一年中数百个董事会的决定失效。来源于《BBC

     

    2.overturn 推翻

     

    Overturn is just about my favourite horse in training

     

    翻倒是我训练中最喜欢的马。来源于《THETIMES

     

    3.recognise 认可;承认

     

    Icelanders recognise the King of Norway as their monarch

     

    冰岛人承认挪威国王是他们的君主。来源于《BBC

     

    4.intervene 干涉

     

    Then Justice would also decline to intervene in Newell

     

    那么正义也会拒绝干预纽维尔 来源于《WSJ